Reduction of green-house gas emissions

We are engaged in the reduction of emissions of the greenhouse gases CO2, CH4 and N2O from processes in chemical industry, traffic, transportation, and energy-intensive industries as well as the development and optimization of novel and existing chemical technologies. Hydrogen as climate-friendly energy carrier is of special importance. The production of hydrogen and the capture of carbon are investigated by methane pyrolysis in moving bed reactors. Methane coupling by high-temperature catalysis is studied as an alternative process for ethylene and acetylene production directly from natural gas. 

The utilization of CO2 is studied in catalytic dry reforming of natural gas for the production of synthesis gas and for cleaning the off-gases of the steel industry as well as for methanol production and methanation using green hydrogen. Even internal combustion engines are applied to serve as CO2 reformer using this greenhouse gas instead of producing it.

News_2024-01-Reducing_C02_emissions_in_steel-production_PBSMS group
CO2 reduction in steel industry

Today, three quarters of steel production is carried out using the so-called blast furnace process. This means that coke is required to extract oxygen from the iron ore to process it into pig iron. ...

more information
Catalytic dry reforming of methane

Catalytic CH4-CO2 reforming has been of interest for a long time. It combines CH4, the principal component of natural gas used as source of energy, and CO2, a mayor problematic greenhouse gas, ...

more information
Investigation of the reactive absorption of CO2 in a falling film reactor by laser induced fluorescence

To mitigate climate change, the anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) has to be significantly reduced. However, the deep decarbonization of energy-intensive processing industries ...

more information
Multi-functional conversion of chemicals and energy

The research group is investigating the extent to which high-temperature conversions in reciprocating machines can flexibly release useful chemicals together with energetic variables such as work or heat.

see also: